Ever since the advent of robot‐assisted surgery in 1985, the value of using robotic systems to assist in surgical procedures in the modern operating theatre has been demonstrated repeatedly. However, most intraocular surgical procedures continue to be performed manually by surgeons. One of the most common procedures is cataract surgery, which is performed approximately 2.5 million times a year in the United States alone. The team has developed a novel robotic system — the IRISS— aimed at remotely operated and fully automated intraocular mechanical manipulations and therapeutic surgery.
In orthopaedic surgery, procedures commonly include fixation of bone and soft tissues. Currently, surgical manipulation of these bones and soft tissues is accomplished by the application of manual force either directly on tissue or through devices that transmit forces to the tissue including pins, screws, bolts, straps, and clamps. These methods of performing orthopaedic surgery have several disadvantages: Manual force is limited by the strength and endurance of the surgeon and surgical assistants, manual manipulation has limited precision, reliance on manual manipulation exposes the surgeon and surgical assistants to increased radiation exposure when intra-operative fluoroscopy is used to confirm position during manipulation of bone. ARTS is developing the Robotic Surgical Assist Arm (RSAA), a motorized rigid traction system which standardizes and facilitates the correct placement of the bones. Focusing on long bone repair the initial market would be in the area of 100,000 cases annually in America.